Gestern lief der erste von drei Teilen von Adam Curtis' („The Power of Nightmares“) neue Dokumentation „ll Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace“ (der Name basiert auf dem 1968er Gedicht von Richard Brautigan) und die hat der sehr nette Youtube-User James Yireland in fünf Clips online gestellt. Oben der Kickass-Trailer, hier ein Review im Guardian, hier die ganze Doku. [update] Der dritte Clip ist leider geogefickt, hier der Link zum Video über einen Proxy. Falls die ganze Doku verschwinden sollte: Here's a Link to make you happy.
Die Doku beleuchtet den Einfluss neokonservativer und libertärer Ideen auf Technologie und in der sogenannten New Economy und bildet damit einen Gegenpol zu den üblichen Stories um die Fortsetzung der Ideale der Hippies im Silicon Valley. Superinteressant und absolutes Must Watch!
This series of films investigates how people have been colonised by the machines they have built.
Although they may not realise it, the way many people see everything in the world today is through the eyes of the computers. Not just politics and the economy -- but also in the way bodies, minds, and even the whole of the natural world are perceived. The underlying argument is that people have given up a dynamic political model of the world -- the dream of changing things for the better -- for a static machine ideology that says everyone is a component in a system, and that the aim is to manage these systems and keep them stable.
From the utopian visions of the worldwide web to the idea of an interconnected global economic system, to the dream of balanced ecosystems, all these ideas share an underlying machine vision of organisation and order.
The films tell an extraordinary range of stories: from novelist Ayn Rand and her tragic love affairs to the dreams and the frightening reality of the hippie communes; from the brutal politics of the Belgian Congo to the doomsday computer model behind the rise of modern environmentalism; from the lonely suicide in a London squat of the mathematical genius who invented the selfish gene theory to Alan Greenspan and his faith in a new kind of global economic system. And there's also the computer model of the eating habits of the Pronghorn antelope.
The series argues that by embracing this new machine ideology something very precious has been given up: the idea of progress and political struggle to change the world for the better.
Episode One - Love and Power
In this episode Curtis tracks the effects of Ayn Rand's ideas on American financial markets, particularly via the influence on Alan Greenspan.
Greenspan joined The Collective in New York which discusses Rand's books, such as Atlas shrugged. Rand's ideas came to heavily infiltrated California, particularly Silicon Valley, and the computer utopian belief (Californian Ideology) that computer networks could measure, control and self-stabilise societies, without hierarchical political control, became widespread. Rand entered into a disastrous affair with a married person in the collective, with the approval of their spouses.
Greenspan persuaded the newly elected Bill Clinton in 1992 to let the markets grow, and cut taxes, and to let the markets stabilise themselves with computer technology. Although the Asian miracle had lead to long-term growth in South Korea and other countries Joseph Stiglitz began warning that the withdraw of money from the Eastern economies could cause devastation.
Curtis shows that the economic crisis that befell the Eastern countries such as Indonesia and South Korea was a direct result of Rand's ideas leading to the transfer of control foreign financial investment from politics to banking institutions leading the housing bubbles to burst, causing large financial losses in the East. However, after each country agreed to IMF bailout loans, foreign investors immediately withdrew their money, triggering massive economic disasters.
To avoid a repeat, China decided to control America's economy via similar techniques. The belief in America was that computers could stabilise the lending of money and that this would permit lending beyond what was actually sustainable, leading ultimately to the 2008 collapse due to a similar housing bubble.