Hier die Links, die in den letzten Wochen liegengeblieben sind, unter anderem mit dem KI-Designer von Google, Kunst mit der NSA, einer blutigen Einhorn-Animation, der Typographie in Alien und jede Menge mehr, nach dem Klick:
Steve Wozniak Debunks One of Apple's Biggest Myths - YouTube: In 1976, The Apple 1 computer goes on sale for a retail price of $666.66. Steve Wozniak, who co-founded Apple with Steve Jobs and designed that product, remembers the early days.
Yahoo Labs' Algorithm Identifies Creativity in 6-Second Vine Videos | MIT Technology Review: Nobody knew how to automatically identify creativity until researchers at Yahoo Labs began studying the Vine livestream.
How the World's First Computer Was Rescued From the Scrap Heap | WIRED: Eccentric billionaires are tough to impress, so their minions must always think big when handed vague assignments. Ross Perot's staffers did just that in 2006, when their boss declared that he wanted to decorate his Plano, Texas, headquarters with relics from computing history. Aware that a few measly Apple I's and Altair 880's wouldn't be enough to satisfy a former presidential candidate, Perot's people decided to acquire a more singular prize: a big chunk of ENIAC, the "Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer." The ENIAC was a 27-ton, 1,800-square-foot bundle of vacuum tubes and diodes that was arguably the world's first true computer. The hardware that Perot's team diligently unearthed and lovingly refurbished is now accessible to the general public for the first time, back at the same Army base where it almost rotted into oblivion.
Nick Bostrom: Superintelligence - Authors@Google - YouTube: Superintelligence asks the questions: What happens when machines surpass humans in general intelligence? Will artificial agents save or destroy us? Nick Bostrom lays the foundation for understanding the future of humanity and intelligent life.
Google's Intelligence Designer | MIT Technology Review: The man behind a startup acquired by Google for $628 million plans to build a revolutionary new artificial intelligence.
What would you say to the NSA if you could send them an anonymous message? - we make money not art: Berlin-based artists Christoph Wachter & Mathias Jud have installed WLAN / WiFi mesh network with can antennas on the roofs of the Academy of Arts and the Swiss Embassy, both located in the heart of "NSA's Secret Spy Hub" in the city. The network is at the disposal of passersby who would like to communicate anonymously and even send messages to operatives of the NSA and GCHQ intelligence who might lurk inside the nearby British Embassy and Embassy of the United States.
Dear Erin Hart: My identity was stolen by a San Francisco-based woman named Erin Hart in 2011. Dear Erin Hart, is a body of work made in response to crimes Erin Hart committed using my name and identity. In an effort to piece together my transgressor's crime spree, I documented relevant places, interviewed witnesses, hired a private investigator, and even photographed Erin Hart being released from jail. Through photography, video, and other forms of documentation, I make an attempt at understanding this woman and the course of events that brought their lives together.
LEGO's letter to parents, and how not to tell a fake when you don't see one – Medium: According to the website of the Independent newspaper, LEGO UK has verified the 1970s 'letter to parents' that was widely tweeted last weekend and almost as widely dismissed as fake. Business as usual in the Twittersphere – but there are some lessons here about dating type.
'Kalashnikov: promoting peace and calm' – notorious gun gets a makeover | World news | The Guardian: Russian manufacturer of assault rifle that became the weapon of choice for guerrillas around the world has a slick rebranding
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Dave's Mechanical Pencils: My mechanical pencil collection and various related things, thoughts and musings about them, reviews of mechanical pencils and other items, and more.
The Odd History of the First Erotic Computer Game - The Atlantic: This image was the promotional photography for the "computer fantasy game" Softporn, in which "players seek to seduce three women, while avoiding hazards, such as getting killed by a bouncer in a disco." For $29.95 (plus $1 shipping and handling) a company named On-Line Systems would mail out this "funny, provocative, challenging adventure game for adults only!" on a single 5.25-inch floppy disk. Time reported that 4,000 copies had already been sold, making each and every purchaser the proud, unsuspecting owner of America's first commercially-released pornographic computer game.
Hey, Parents. What Minecraft Is Doing to Your Kids Is Kind of Surprising. | 2machines: "I definitely think Minecraft is a freak thing," Markus Persson, the game's creator, told the New Yorker. "There's no way you could replicate it intentionally."
rjbs's rubric: In Soviet Minecraft, server op you!: A couple weeks ago, my daughter became interested in Minecraft. She'd tried it before and thought it was interesting enough, but this time she seemed to have a more abiding interest. She did a bit more flipping through the Minecraft Essential Handbook and made a few things from it, and had fun, but was finding it just a bit tedious to have to gather all the resources she needed. Still, she built a simple house in the trees, explored some nearby caves and villages, and kept looking through the book… and then she found reference to creative mode. I showed her how to play in creative mode, and she was elated. She was even more excited when she found out she could fly.
This MP Tried To Stop The "Growing Menace" Of Space Invaders In The 80s: "The Bill seeks to control Space Invaders – of the terrestrial kind," said George Foulkes.
beforemario: 100 year old Nintendo promotional calendar: The item we talk about is a calendar that Nintendo give away to promote their business. The item measures 24 by 14 centimeters. The front contains details about the company and the back shows a calendar. When I spotted the date of the calendar, I became very excited: 大正四年 which stands for Taishō 4! Taishō is the era in Japanese history when emperor Taishō reigned. This lasted from 1912 to 1926, and Taishō 4 is equal to 1915 in the Western calendar.
Anita Sarkeesian Battles Sexism in Games, Gamergate Harassment - Businessweek: "Tropes vs Women in Video Games" was on track to become the kind of minor academic work that professors make their assistants churn out to help them get tenure. But it tapped something that was waiting to explode. And it might change an industry that's by some measures now larger than Hollywood.
Zoe Quinn: 'All Gamergate has done is ruin people's lives' | Technology | The Guardian: The first target of the controversial Gamergate campaign tells how death threats, hate mail and misogyny became the online smash of the summer
25 Invisible Benefits of Gaming While Male - YouTube: Many women have courageously spoken out about how they experience alienation and harassment in gaming. Despite this fact, too many male gamers still dismiss the issue as "no big deal" and insist that there isn't really a problem. One of the luxuries of being a member of a privileged group is that the benefits afforded often remain invisible. This blindness allows many men, even well meaning men, to remain blissfully unaware of what roughly half of all gamers experience on a fairly regular basis. With that in mind the following is a checklist of some of the concrete benefits that male gamers automatically receive simply for being male gamers.
Death, Science, Sexology: Joanna Ebenstein of the Morbid Anatomy Museum - Boing Boing: Joanna Ebenstein has been known, on occasion, to wear a black dress with a white Peter Pan collar, which, given her fascinations – death masks, decapitation, books bound in human skin, conjoined twins, wax models of pathological anatomy, that sort of thing – invites the inevitable comparison to Wednesday Addams.
What kind of funny is Kafka?: I have come to the conclusion that anyone who thinks about Kafka for long enough inevitably develops a few singular, unassimilable and slightly silly convictions. (The graph may be parabolic, with the highest incidence of convictions – and the legal resonance is invited – found among those who have spent the most time thinking and those who have spent next to no time thinking.) My own such amateur conviction is that the life of Franz Kafka reads like a truly great comedy. I mean this (of course) in large part because of the tragedies in and around his life, and I mean it in the tradition of comedies like the final episode of Richard Curtis and Rowan Atkinson's Blackadder, which, after episode upon episode of darlings and foilings and cross-dressings, ends in 1917 with our not exactly heroes climbing out of their trench and running towards the enemy lines.
Wo bleibt das Positive? | Die Zukunft: Ist die Science-Fiction noch utopiefähig? – Ein Essay von Peter Seyferth
The Weight of Guilt: Danny Ray Davis wasn't just a fisherman, he was a champion. You'd know that had you ever seen him around Grand Prairie, Texas. They say he always wore the prize "$50,000 Winner" silk jacket he got for taking down the 1983 Texarkana Labor Day bass tournament. Davis was known as someone with a lot of luck out on the water and not much luck in the rest of his life. By 1984, he was 33 years old and had been divorced four times. His body was badly burned in an explosion while he was on the job as an electrician with Dallas Power & Light. The injuries caused extensive nerve damage and scarring. […] In the spring of 1984, Davis caught an 8.7-pound bass in the KYKX Big Bass Classic. It wasn't big enough to stuff and mount on the wall, but it was big enough to qualify for the $105,000 first prize. Winning two major bass fishing tournaments in less than a year? He was lucky. He was ecstatic. He was in deep shit.
Ursula K. Le Guin on writing and freedom at the National Book Awards | MetaFilter: Right now, I think we need writers who know the difference between production of a market commodity and the practice of an art. The profit motive is often in conflict with the aims of art. We live in capitalism. Its power seems inescapable; so did the divine right of kings.
William Gibson: how I wrote Neuromancer | Books | The Guardian: Neuromancer was a commissioned work. I have no idea how many years it might have taken, otherwise, before I produced a novel on spec. Had you asked me at the time of commission, I would have told you 10, but then again, it might never have happened. Careers are odd, that way. (Careers are nothing but odd.)
When Eagles Attack: On a remote island off the coast of Alaska, a confused young intern, an overzealous officer, and one very angry eagle make for the strangest summer ever.
Der Zündfunk Netzkongress als eBook: Mit dabei sind das Zentrum für politische Schönheit ("Kunst macht Arbeit"), Dirk von Gehlen ("Die gegenwärtigste Form des Pop"), Zoë Beck ("Brienner Straße 50. Eine Atmosphäre"), Anne Schüßler ("Sprechen Sie Cobol?"), Sebastian Strube ("Vom Outsourcing zum Crowdsourcing"), Affe im Kopf ("Into the great wide open"), Friedemann Karig ("Neue Narrative gegen die überwachung"), Christiane Frohmann ("Einfach weiterlesen"), Marcus Bösch ("Journalismus zum Spielen"), Johannah Illgner ("Hate Speech als Silencing Methode"), Stefan Holtel ("Politikerlügen in Zeiten der Denkmaschine") und Michael Bartle ("Crypto City mit Bergblick")
12 habits of highly productive writers - Quartz: Productive people become impatient and seek out new thrills. They like to learn stuff.
Wanderers is a vision of humanity's expansion into the Solar System, based on scientific ideas and concepts of what our future in space might look like, if it ever happens. The locations depicted in the film are digital recreations of actual places in the Solar System, built from real photos and map data where available. Without any apparent story, other than what you may fill in by yourself, the idea with the film is primarily to show a glimpse of the fantastic and beautiful nature that surrounds us on our neighboring worlds - and above all, how it might appear to us if we were there.
Delve into the dark arts of hamburgery with food blogger Mathew Ramsey to see just how much work goes into crafting the mouthwatering masterpieces featured on his popular website, PornBurger.
shortfil.ms: We at shortfil.ms want to show the best short films on the web. Thus, we do all the research for you and will add at least one short film every day to our database. Furthermore shortfil.ms provides you with several opportunities to find a film that fits your demands right now. If you already know what you would like to see, you can just use our search tool to find it. Also this site may help you to discover new and exciting films.
"Everything is problematic" | The McGill Daily: My journey into the centre of a dark political world, and how I escaped
Why are these clowns winning? Secrets of the right-wing brain - Salon.com: As these few examples suggest, there are multiple ways to characterize the differences in how liberals and conservatives think. For instance, Mooney argued that liberals, still fundamentally inspired by the Enlightenment promise of ever-growing knowledge about the world, are fundamentally mistaken about the nature of human reason, which they see as knowledge- and truth-seeking. But modern cognitive science teaches us that our brains are much more fundamentally shaped by the need to make persuasive arguments, which only require the appearance of rational argument.
I Will Only Bleed Here: I am the only black person on the editorial floor at my place of employment. The other ones who look like me work as cleaners or in the mailroom. When we lock eyes I nod, and it is both the easiest and hardest thing in the world. I know nothing of their lives, and yet here we are the same. Today I will do this. We will share a look that encompasses last night's indignities and acknowledges tomorrow's. We will keep our heads down and our hearts guarded, and I will only bleed here, in words, on this page. Last night I showed Sanna and Bella that picture of Michael from his high school graduation. I looked into his eyes and I felt the heat of summer again on my skin.
The Many Faces of Anonymous | Spark with Nora Young | CBC Radio: Gabriella Coleman discusses her new book Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous about the rise of the global phenomenon "Anonymous" a decentralized activist movement that went from being fringe trolls and pranksters to playing a key role in things like Occupy Wall Street and WikiLeaks.
Aliens in the Valley: Reddit is a case study for how a website can attract a large and dedicated user base, in spite of some chaos and lack of direction inside the company, and then struggle to convert that popularity into a viable business. It's a reminder that sometimes the hardest thing for a tech company isn't building a devoted community, but figuring out what to do with it. Traffic was never the problem. Everything else was.
How to really understand white privilege - Quartz: It was a "simple, powerful exercise about privilege." On Nov. 21, Buzzfeed's Nathan Pyle posted a lesson he recalled from high school, taught using a ream of paper and a trash bin. It instantly went viral, with over 4.1 million views. We're not trying to be Thanksgiving grinches, but given recent events, the lesson struck us as a little too simple. Here's our real-world take on Pyle's post and the concept of privilege, which turns out to not be so simple after all.
Hacked vs. Hackers: Game On - NYTimes.com: Paul Kocher, one of the country's leading cryptographers, says he thinks the explanation for the world's dismal state of digital security may lie in two charts. One shows the number of airplane deaths per miles flown, which decreased to one-thousandth of what it was in 1945 with the advent of the Federal Aviation Administration in 1958 and stricter security and maintenance protocols. The other, which details the number of new computer security threats, shows the opposite. There has been more than a 10,000-fold increase in the number of new digital threats over the last 12 years.
What do dictators like to eat?: You are what you eat - but also how you eat and who you eat with. Food can affect your mood, your bowels and your world-view, write Victoria Clark and Melissa Scott, authors of Dictators' Dinners: A Bad Taste Guide to Entertaining Tyrants.
The Invention of the Slinky: It has been said by industry executives that only one in a thousand toys makes it to the big time. Of those that persevere, most live and die on the pulse of advertising and product release cycles, only to fade into obscurity after a few years of success. The Slinky is not most toys: in its 70 years on the market, it has sold more than 300 million units. The Slinky seems to be oddly immortal -- and this is confusing. After all, it's essentially just a glorified spring. It does nothing particularly extraordinary or special. More often than not, it works itself into an impossibly tangled mess. Yet it is utterly simple, and this simplicity has made it iconic.
'Can Climate Change Cure Capitalism?': An Exchange by Naomi Klein | The New York Review of Books: Naomi Klein, reply by Elizabeth Kolbert
The not-so-secret place on the Web that sells drugs, uranium and a guide to texting girls - The Washington Post: FRIM is selling uranium on Evolution, which is currently the largest of the so-called "darknet" marketplaces on the Internet, where enterprising vendors offer everything from drugs to weapons to stolen credit card numbers. The markets tend to have a short shelf-life, and the first and most well-known, Silk Road, was shut down nearly a year ago by the FBI. Its successor, Silk Road 2.0, was seized just last month.
Solving the Riddles of an Early Astronomical Calculator - NYTimes.com: A riddle for the ages may be a small step closer to a solution: Who made the famed Antikythera Mechanism, the astronomical calculator that was raised from an ancient shipwreck near Crete in 1901?
Why has human progress ground to a halt? – Michael Hanlon – Aeon: Some of our greatest cultural and technological achievements took place between 1945 and 1971. Why has progress stalled?
Quantum Photo Finish: In a dark lab in Vienna, physicists did something incredible: They shined a laser through a cat-shaped hole in some cardboard, resulting in a glowing, red feline image. The twist: The light in the image didn't go through the hole in the cardboard.
Star Wars Ewokese to Star Trek Klingon: how do you invent a language? | Education | The Guardian: Star Wars fans listening carefully to the furry creatures known as Ewoks in Return of the Jedi may be surprised to hear some familiar words from a galaxy not so far away. That's because the language spoken by the diminutive heroes was actually a hodge-podge of languages derived from Asia. While Ewokese was never intended to be anything more than a cute-sounding gibberish, it's a deception that today's devoted science fiction and fantasy fans would not stand for.
How Star Trek May Show the Emergence of Human Consciousness - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus: An intriguing, albeit highly controversial, idea very much like [Star Treks Borg] was actually proposed by Julian Jaynes, an American psychologist who taught at Princeton University. In his 1976 book, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind (pdf of the book), Jaynes theorizes that human consciousness – by which he means the ability and tendency to think about ourselves as individuals – emerged suddenly, and relatively recently in history, around 3,000 years ago. That would mean that anatomically modern humans were alive for hundreds of thousands of years before becoming conscious.
An Oral History of the Epic Space Film The Right Stuff | WIRED: BEFORE WRITER-DIRECTOR Philip Kaufman brought Tom Wolfe's book The Right Stuff to the big screen in 1983, onscreen astronauts were little more than alien quarry or asteroid bait. In Kaufman's hands, however, spaceflight became a far more human pursuit – a story not of external threats but inner resolve. With its three-hour-plus run time and unconventional structure, the film – which tells the story of test pilots like Chuck Yeager and Gordon Cooper as they break the sound barrier and launch toward the exosphere – was almost as daring as its subject. (Kaufman calls it "the longest movie ever made without a plot.")
Alien | Typeset In The Future: The opening credits for Alien are nothing short of a typographic masterpiece. You can watch them in their entirety on the Art Of The Title web site, but here's the general gist: a slow, progressive disclosure of a disjointed, customized Futura reveals the movie's central theme over 90 seconds of beautifully-spaced angular lettering.
Our appetite for blockbusters like "Star Wars" is fuelling a boom at this British company - Quartz: The numbers: Pinewood Shepperton, the British film studio where they make the James Bond movies, said revenues touched £38.5 million in the six months to the end of September, up from £36.2 million in the same period last year. The company said that revenues from its sound stages were up 15% – and that "ongoing strong film demand has limited television occupancy opportunities in the period." For a production company, that is a good problem to have.
The Future of Film Technology? - Film School'D - YouTube: Movies have come a long way since the days of the kinetoscope. So strap an iPad to your face and we'll take you to the future of cinema, as the lines between film, video games, and reality converge.
Neither lost nor found: On the trail of an elusive icon's rarest film: Aching, list-making movie-madness tends to attract two types of people: connoisseurs and goofs. (Note: This is a non-standard taxonomy.) Connoisseurs are organized viewers who need to try everything one by one; they're the kind of people who attend full retrospectives for directors they don't like, just to figure out why they don't like them. Goofs have unpredictable viewing habits; at festivals, they'll skip the hyped stuff in favor of something that is totally unpromising, but which will probably never screen again. The thing that unites connoisseurs, goofs, and high-volume viewers in general is that they are okay with being disappointed or bored.
Galaxy Crisis - The New Yorker reviews Star Wars 06/13/1977: No sci-fi film – not even a sci-fi film set long ago – being complete without a robot and a computer, there is a gold-plated robot who walks as if his feet hurt, like a primal woman shopper, and an overweight computer who is a mixture of bald pate, traffic lights, and mailbox, and who transmits rapid information in a language that evokes Eskimo. The computer is the robot's dearest and most irritating companion. They trudge together across a desert that is actually Tunisian, arguing like man and wife. The robot is intimately rude to the computer, and calls him "you great gob of grease." To others, he talks like a valet; nothing is too much trouble, in spite of his obvious bunions. Alec Guinness speaks in the phrases of a non-denominational Jesus. "May the Force be with you," he says.
Jackie Chan - How to Do Action Comedy - YouTube: Some filmmakers can do action. Others can do comedy. But for 40 years, the master of combining them has been Jackie Chan. Let's see how he does it.
THE THING - Storyboard to Film Comparison on Vimeo: The visuals of both the desolate Antarctic and the ever-morphing alien creatures in THE THING were envisioned long before the movie was shot. Extensive storyboards were drawn by artist Michael Ploog so that all the departments of the production were on the same page in their preparation for the shoot. This is nothing new… but the similarity between the storyboards and the final imagery shot by legendary DP Dean Cundey is staggering. Storyboards are often only a guide, but in this film they were so specifically rendered that they became gospel. The detail and artistry of Ploog's work up front, allowed the crew to have clear and defined goals on those frigid shooting days in both Alaska and Canada.
Velvet Underground Reflect on Most Profound LP | Rolling Stone: When Maureen Tucker, the refreshingly frank former drummer of the Velvet Underground, looks back on the group's self-titled third album, released in 1969, she still remembers the trepidation she felt going into it. In late 1968, the band's moody singer-songwriter Lou Reed had kicked out violist John Cale, a founding member who seemed to act at the time as the band's artistic conscience. "I wasn't delighted," says the drummer, now age 70, with a bluntness that reveals her Long Island roots. "I was just wondering what was gonna happen, what we'd sound like. I was hoping we'd still stick together."
Girl Power: Listen to an exclusive mix of 20 rare '60s girl-pop 45s you need to hear – The Vinyl Factory: Publisher of Cha Cha Charming, music journalist, DJ and producer of '60s girl-pop compilations for reissue labels like Ace Records and Rhino, Brooklyn-based Sheila Burgel is the girl-pop authority. She shares her love for female vocals with us, selecting 20 lesser known but no less essential '60s girl-pop 45s for this exclusive mix.
BBC Radio 1 - BBC Radio 1's Essential Mix, Radio 1's Essential Mix @ 20, Radio 1's Essential Mix @ 20: Paul Oakenfold, Paul Oakenfold's Goa Mix - Directors commentary: Paul Oakenfold explains the thinking behind his legendary Goa mix, recorded in 1994
WDR Feature: Planet der Menschen - Wie das Anthropozän unser Denken verändern könnte: Leben wir im Anthropozän, in der Epoche des Menschen? Diese Frage stellen nicht nur Naturwissenschaftler, sondern auch Soziologen oder Philosophen. Es wäre in der Erdgeschichte das erste Mal, dass ein intelligentes Lebewesen die Welt beherrscht. Autorin: Dagmar Röhrlich
Auricula - Ohrwurm des Schreckens: Gigantische Monster - dass sie hin und wieder New York, Tokio oder die kalifornischen Strände angreifen, ist ja aus zahlreichen Horror- und Monster-Filmen bekannt. Aber Ostwestfalen? Buch: Thilo Gosejohann; Regie: Leonhard Koppelmann
Radio ABC: Significant other beings: The creation of significant other beings has haunted humanity. And now in the age of techno-science it's probably only a matter of time before intelligence escapes its biological bonds. So dawns the era of existential risk. Urgent books are being written, and study centres erected for the inevitable. But not all share in the panic of humanity 2.0. Our new beings could teach us something about the ethics of cosmopolitanism.
WDR Feature: Ich - Du - Data - Wie Daten unser Leben verändern: Die fortwährende, allumfassende Auswertung riesiger Datenmengen verändert unser Wohnen, das öffentliche Leben, unsere Arbeit, ja sogar unsere Gesundheit. "Big Data" krempelt unser Leben um – und zwar tiefgreifend.
▶ BBC Radio 4 - The Film Programme, 2001: A Space Odyssey Special: Searching for the mind of H.A.L. and lost alien worlds among the delights of the Stanley Kubrick Archive at London's University of the Arts. Joining Francine on her voyage of discovery are 2001 chronicler Piers Bizony, former urbane spaceman Keir Dullea and the woman who built the moon! Other voices include production designer Harry Lange, make-up genius Stuart Freeborn, editor Ray Lovejoy, all now so much stardust, as well as those of lead ape 'Moonwatcher' (Dan Richter) & Stargate deviser Douglas Trumbull. Open the Pod Bay Doors HAL!
The Arcade: Episode 44, Featuring William Gibson | Hazlitt Magazine | Hazlitt: "I have already told you of the sickness and confusion that comes with time travelling." H.G. Wells wrote those words in The Time Machine, but that quote also begins author William Gibson's new novel, The Peripheral. He speaks with Hazlitt audio producer Anshuman Iddamsetty about resonance, Health Goth, and how infrequently we hear of the 22nd Century.
BBC DocArchive: Graffiti: Kings on a Mission: In 1974, New York City became the canvas for a new generation of Graffiti pioneers. Who were the teens behind the 'tags' - now the veterans of the scene? Why did they create this movement? We meet some of those who defied the law (and their parents) and diced with death to chase fame and acceptance of their peers.
Podcast Episode 36: The Great Moon Hoax – Futility Closet: In 1835 the New York Sun announced that astronomers had discovered bat-winged humanoids on the moon, as well as reindeer, unicorns, bipedal beavers and temples made of sapphire. The fake news was reprinted around the world, impressing even P.T. Barnum; Edgar Allan Poe said that "not one person in ten" doubted the story. In this episode of the Futility Closet podcast we'll review the Great Moon Hoax, the first great sensation of the modern media age.