Wissenschaftler haben zum ersten mal das bekannte Trolley-Problem in Real Life mit (fiktiven) Elektroschocks für Mäuse nachgestellt. Ergebnis: In Wirklichkeit drücken noch mehr Leute den Knopf, um „nur“ eine Maus auszuschalten, als in theoretischen Überlegungen.
Wie auch immer. Niemand schlägt die Eleganz der Lösung des Trolley-Problems von E.J. Masicampos zweijährigem Sohn.
The researchers gathered 200 people and told them they were about to zap a cage of five mice with a strong electric shock. Participants were told if they pressed a button then the electroshock would be diverted to a cage containing one mouse instead. (The mice were not actually shocked in the end, it was just an empty threat. Phew). Before this, though, they asked the participants how they thought they would hypothetically react to this problem.
The results showed 66 percent of people would press the button in a hypothetical scenario, according to New Scientist. However, when the chips were down and the real mice were in front of them, 84 percent of people chose to press the button and actively zap the one mouse. You might assume that people would think more emotionally in a real scenario and more rationally in abstract scenarios, but this was not what they found at all.
Crucially, the study showed that people think differently in hypothetical dilemmas compared to real-life scenarios.