This case study showed how a video by a source known for conspiracy was used on an international scale during a geopolitical event.
The video offered no concrete evidence, but it was still exploited by prominent Saudi social media influencers and bots to sow doubt in any culpability of Saudi government in Jamal Khashoggi’s disappearance and death. The case also revealed the extent to which doubt and conspiracy has been used as a tool in prolonged denial of Khashoggi’s death. The denials of Khashoggi’s death are even further removed from the likelihood that the journalist and outspoken critic was killed for his criticism.
In any case, the bot accounts amplifying narratives cannot be taken as a serious source of evidence but have been used to promote suspicious content.