Wissenschaftler haben mal die Informationsmenge ausgerechnet, die es braucht, um Syntax und Grammatik einer Sprache im Gehirn zu speichern: Researchers estimate it takes approximately 1.5 megabytes of data to store language information in the brain.
To make their calculations, the researchers assigned quantifiable size estimates to the various aspects of the English language. They began by assigning phonemes, the sounds that stack into spoken words. They noted that humans use approximately 50 phonemes and suggested each would require approximately 15 bits to store. They next moved on to vocabulary, estimating that the average person knows approximately 40,000 words—taken together, they estimated it would add up to approximately 400,000 bits. Next on the list was semantics for those 40,000 words—that added up to approximately 12 million bits. They also noted that word frequency is important—they added in another 80,000 bits to account for that. They tossed in another 700 bits to store syntax rules. Adding it all up came to approximately 1.56 megabytes—close to the amount needed to store a single digital picture.
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