Wissenschaftler haben in einem 2500 alten Grab Spuren von hohen Dosen THC gefunden, dem psychoaktiven Cannabinoid in Marijuana. Der Fund bestätigt Hinweise aus der Forschung an der genetischen Geschichte von Cannabis, die davon ausgeht, dass das Kraut von Menschen kultiviert wurde und speziell auf seine berauschende Wirkung hin gezüchtet wurde. Das Shit von heute ist also das Ergebnis von tausende Jahre altem Genetic Engineering. Man hatte zwar vorher schon Spuren von Marijuana gefunden, in diesen Fällen aber vor allem als Nutzpflanze zur Herstellung von Kram, aber dieser neueste Fund ist der älteste, 2500 Jahre alte Hinweis auf speziell für berauschende Wirkung hochgezüchtetes Marijuana. That’s some really old shit, man.
Scorched wooden incense burners unearthed at an ancient burial ground in the mountains of western China contain the oldest clear evidence of cannabis smoking yet found, archaeologists say. Residues of high potency cannabis found in the burners, and on charred pebbles placed inside them, suggest that funeral rites at the 2,500-year-old Jirzankal cemetery in the Pamir mountains may have been rather hazy affairs.
Scientists believe the stones were heated in a fire before being transferred to the wooden braziers and covered with cannabis, which duly billowed psychoactive smoke. With music as an accompaniment, the heady fumes may have prompted those present to attempt to commune with nature, spirits or the dead.
Researchers have found remnants of cannabis at ancient sites in central Asia before, but the latest discovery points to the intentional use of plants with high levels of the active compound, THC, and to cannabis being inhaled rather than ingested.
Fig. 3 Archaeological wooden braziers from the Jirzankal cemetery.
(A) Plan view of zone B of the Jirzankal Cemetery, (B) aerial view of zone B, and (C) 10 wooden braziers excavated from the cemetery. Red dots in (A) refer to the tombs containing wooden braziers; brazier M49:2 was excavated from zone D. Photo credit: X. Wu (Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences).
The analysis suggests that people in this area likely collected, cultivated, or domesticated cannabis specifically for its effects on the mind. “It is possible that high-elevation populations of a naturally higher THC–producing variety were recognized and targeted by people in the Pamir region, possibly even explaining the prominence of ritual sites in the high mountains,” the authors wrote in the study.
This distinguishes the discovery from evidence of hemp cultivation for use in foods and textile fibers, a practice that dates back to at least 4,000 BCE. It also tracks with recent findings about the genetic history of cannabis, which suggest that ancient plant viruses and careful cultivation by humans produced the psychoactive pot we know today.