In addition to free, easy-to-use deepfake generator apps, there are now photo search engines (which HuffPost won’t name) that allow people to upload pictures of individuals to find porn actresses with similar features for optimal face-swapping results. There are even deepfake porn forums where men make paid requests for professional-looking videos of specific women, and share links to the women’s social media profiles for source imagery. HuffPost has observed requesters seeking porn with female Twitch, YouTube and Instagram influencers, as well as the requesters’ own co-workers, friends and exes.
On one such forum in March, someone asked for a sex video of Tina, a 24-year-old Canadian woman, and dropped a link to her YouTube channel. Four days later, a deepfake popped up that appeared to show her bent over naked on a bed with one man thrusting behind her and another stroking his penis near her head. The video, which is virtually seamless, is still up with thousands of views.
Die Banalität der Fälschung: Watching a Deepfake Being Made Is Boring, And You Must See It: AI-generated fake videos are hyped as a modern tech nightmare, and it’s important to understand their everyday banality.
Ich sage seit Jahren, dass der Wahrheitsgehalt von sogenannten Fake News keine Rolle spielt, da es tatsächlich um die Narrative und Meme geht, die mit den falschen Fakten transportiert werden. The Outline mit einem netten Text darüber, über die Meta-Wahrheiten von Fakes und Werner Herzogs Extatic Truth: Does anyone want to hear a story??? – Viral Twitter tales are often bullshit, but being made-up isn’t the worst thing about them.
These stories may or may not have actually, factually “happened.” But in a way, that hardly matters at all, because what they reveal about reality is vastly more compelling than any mere “facts.” It is not always clear exactly what the story reveals; it cannot, like a fact, be analyzed into a cluster of true statements. But it has a poetic significance: David Cameron — he just did shag a dead pig’s head, didn’t he? Scott Morrison — he just did shit himself in a suburban McDonald’s. Cameron’s whole personality is shagging a dead pig’s head, Morrison’s entire politics is shitting himself in a suburban McDonald’s.
In his 1999 statement of principles known as the “Minnesota Declaration,” Werner Herzog gave an explanation of his theory of “ecstatic truth”. Cinema Verité, Herzog tells us, deals only with “superficial truth, the truth of accountants.” “One well-known representative of Cinema Verité declared publicly that truth can be easily found by taking a camera and trying to be honest. He resembles the night watchman at the Supreme Court who resents the amount of written law and legal procedures. ‘For me,’ he says, ‘there should be only one single law: the bad guys should go to jail.’”
In this, Herzog says, such realism “confounds facts and truth”: “Facts create norms, and truth illumination.” But luckily, against the realists, “There are deeper strata of truth in cinema, and there is such a thing as poetic, ecstatic truth. It is mysterious and elusive, and can be reached only through fabrication and imagination and stylization.” In his work (most notably, his documentaries), Herzog seeks this “ecstatic truth”: to reflect reality not how it is on the surface, but how it is on a deep level, beyond the façade of what we merely perceive.
Kim Kardashian vs. Deepfakes – Can the Kardashian approach to taking down ultra-realistic fake videos work for others?: copyright law isn’t the solution to the spread of deepfakes. The high-profile deepfake examples we’ve seen so far mostly appear to fall under the “fair use” exception to copyright infringement.
NYTimes über Fake-Influencer: These Influencers Aren’t Flesh and Blood, Yet Millions Follow Them: Lil Miquela, who has 1.6 million Instagram followers, is a computer-generated character. Introduced in 2016 by a Los Angeles company backed by Silicon Valley money, she belongs to a growing cadre of social media marketers known as virtual influencers. Each month, more than 80,000 people stream Lil Miquela’s songs on Spotify. She has worked with the Italian fashion label Prada, given interviews from Coachella and flaunted a tattoo designed by an artist who inked Miley Cyrus.
Until last year, when her creators orchestrated a publicity stunt to reveal her provenance, many of her fans assumed she was a flesh-and-blood 19-year-old. But Lil Miquela is made of pixels, and she was designed to attract follows and likes.
WiredUK über die neue Spezialeinheit der britischen Armee für memetic warfare: Inside the British Army’s secret information warfare machine:
From office to office, I found a different part of the Brigade busy at work. One room was focussed on understanding audiences: the makeup, demographics and habits of the people they wanted to reach. Another was more analytical, focussing on creating “attitude and sentiment awareness” from large sets of social media data. Another was full of officers producing video and audio content. Elsewhere, teams of intelligence specialists were closely analysing how messages were being received and discussing how to make them more resonant.
Explaining their work, the soldiers used phrases I had heard countless times from digital marketers: “key influencers”, “reach”, “traction”. You normally hear such words at viral advertising studios and digital research labs. But the skinny jeans and wax moustaches were here replaced by the crisply ironed shirts and light patterned camouflage of the British Army. Their surroundings were equally incongruous – the 77th’s headquarters were a mix of linoleum flooring, long corridors and swinging fire doors. More Grange Hill than Menlo Park. Next to a digital design studio, soldiers were having a tea break, a packet of digestives lying open on top of a green metallic ammo box. Another sign on the wall declared, “Behavioural change is our USP [unique selling point]”. What on Earth was happening?
Russia used social media to keep EU voters at home, report finds: The report said it could not “identify a distinct cross-border” attempt to specifically target European elections. But, the report also found, “evidence collected revealed a continued and sustained disinformation activity by Russian sources aiming to suppress turnout and influence voter preferences.”
DFRLab über eine global angelegte russische Desinformationskampagne (mit, wie immer, unklarem Impact): Top Takes: Suspected Russian Intelligence Operation: A Russian-based information operation used fake accounts, forged documents, and dozens of online platforms to spread stories that attacked Western interests and unity. Its size and complexity indicated that it was conducted by a persistent, sophisticated, and well-resourced actor, possibly an intelligence operation.
Russian Op 1: Fantasy Assassins
Russian Op 2: Fanning Irish Flames
Russian Op 3: The Blue Man and the Mole
Russian Op 4: The Dark Lady Sings
Russian Op 5: Target Germany and Immigrants
Russian Op 6: EU Elections
Russian Op 7: Venom in Venezuela